For most people, there are usually few or no symptoms of glaucoma. The first sign of glaucoma is often the loss of peripheral or side vision, which can go unnoticed until late in the disease. This is why glaucoma is often called the “sneak thief of vision.”
Detecting glaucoma early is one reason you should have a complete exam with an eye specialist every one to two years. Occasionally, intraocular pressure can rise to severe levels. In these cases, sudden eye pain, headache, blurred vision, or the appearance of halos around lights may occur.
If you have any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical care:
As a rule, damage caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed.
Antiglaucoma Eye drops, laser surgery (LASER IRIDOTOMY/LASER TRABECULOPLASTY), and surgery (TRABECULOPLASTY/AGV in resistant cases) in the operating room are used to help prevent further damage. The new channel developed by surgery or laser helps to lower the eye pressure. In some cases, oral medications also may be prescribed.
With any type of glaucoma, periodic examinations are very important to prevent vision loss. Because glaucoma can progress without your knowledge, adjustments to your treatment may be necessary from time to time.
High eye pressure alone does not mean that you have glaucoma, but it is an important risk factor your ophthalmologist will use to determine your risk for developing the disease.
The most important risk factors include: